Saturday, December 28, 2019

The Arab Spring During The Middle East And North African...

The Arab Spring brought revolutionary changes to the Middle East and North African region’s authoritarian republics while bypassing its autocratic monarchies. The monarchical exceptionalism that has allowed these states to remain intact is due to a set of three overlapping factors—crosscutting coalitions, hydrocarbon rents, and foreign patronage. Collectively, these factors explain why most of the royal autocracies never experienced widespread protest. The eight Arab monarchies—Jordan, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, and the Persian Gulf states of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and the UAE—hold near-absolute power. According to the Gause article, none of the states qualify as constitutional kingships in which the enthroned incumbent exercises only ceremonial influence while an elected parliamentary government makes policy. The region’s kings and emirs not only reign but they also rule. They are the lead decision makers in naming cabinets, determining major domestic and foreign policies, controlling the state’s coercive apparatus, and allowing parliaments and judiciaries limited authority (Gause). According to Gause, the first element of the strategic explanation for monarchical exceptionalism is one that links the historical legacy of domestic choices with a permissive international environment. The majority of the monarchies have used the tool of crosscutting coalitions thereby linking alliances of different soci al constituencies to the ruling family. In general, dictators cannotShow MoreRelatedWomen And The Middle East And North Africa1148 Words   |  5 PagesThe diversities within North Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia (cultural, religious, political, etc.) play a crucial part in the status of women and the key features of gender roles in these particular geographic regions. The Middle East and North Africa share commonalities through Arabic and Islamic culture. Establishing equalities for women amongst the current social and political changes of Middle Eastern and North African societies stands as a difficult obstacle to overcome, but inRead MoreSouth Africas Policy on the Syria2500 Words   |  10 PagesSouth Africa and Syria 2 South Africa and the Wider Middle East Region 2 Problem Statement 3 Objectives 3 Options 4 Sanctions 4 Military Intervention 5 Support the Actions of the Arab League of Nations 5 Analysis of Options 5 Sanctions 5 Military Intervention 6 Support the Actions of the Arab League of Nations 6 Recommendation 7 Conclusion 7 Bibliography 9 Introduction The wave of Arab unrest that began during the Tunisian Revolution reached Syria in Mid March 2011Read MoreThe Potential Effects Of Democracy On The Middle East1971 Words   |  8 Pages The Potential Effects of Democracy in the Middle East Democracy has often been affiliated with reflective notions such as freedom and liberty, as well as the belief that people deserve a voice to represent their demands and the majority of a population should have its way. The first idea of democracy promotion started with Wilsonian ideas, the democratic peace theorem, and the long-term security interests of all democracies (Huber, 2008). It is often regarded as an abstract concept with varyingRead MoreThe Protection Of Human And Civil Rights3088 Words   |  13 Pagesgovernments are noble, but at what price? Protests and rebellions of international magnitude echo with violence and civilian casualties. A recent example of this â€Å"war† has been the Arab Revolts in 2010, which devolved into the full-fledged rebellions known as the â€Å"Arab Spring.† The already tense situations in the Middle East and North Africa, imploded into protests against unfair governments and pursuit of these corrupt leaders. The international c ommunity, especially those of democratic roots were quickRead MoreSecurity Issues Of The Arab Spring Movement2310 Words   |  10 PagesSecurity Issues in Syria This essay will examine how festering and fermenting animosity between Sunni and Shia factions in the region embroils issues of food security and human security with the security issues found in conflict generally. Security is a looking-glass that puts different things as priorities for whomever in question is looking. The security concerns of Bashar al-Assad are different to those of the Free Syrian Army, Jabhat al-Nusra or the Islamic State. While these actors- and thereRead MoreHomosexuality in Islam3723 Words   |  15 Pagesaccepted for inclusion in Macalester Islam Journal by an authorized administrator of DigitalCommons@Macalester College. For more information, please contact Kligerman: Homosexuality in Islam: Macalester Islam Journal Spring 2007 page 52 ______________________________________________________ Homosexuality in Islam: A Difficult Paradox Nicole Kligerman ‘10 This paper addresses the complex intricacies of homosexuality in Islam by exploring Qur?anic notions of sexualityRead MoreHistory of Education in Northern Nigeria3189 Words   |  13 Pagesexclusively used for the development of human beings in the cognitive, affective, psychomotor and psycho-productive domains. The Northern region of Nigeria is not left out in this process. History has it that the educational system in the Northern part of Nigeria began with the indigenous or traditional education but has evolved in phases with great influence from the Arabs, and western education promoted by the British administration. However, The Jihad by Uthman Dan Fodio helped to revive, spread andRead MoreRoca Essay5103 Words   |  21 Pagesanother town near Barcelona. In 1974, Roca opened a steel bathtub factory. In the 1980s, the company entered the ceramic tiles sector by acquiring the Spanish-based company Cerà ¡micas del Foix. During the 1980s and 1990s, Roca underwent major international expansion mainly in Europe, Latin America and North Afric a, opening commercial subsidiaries, establishing distribution agreements and acquiring local manufacturers in various countries. In 1999, Roca acquired Keramik Laufen, a Swiss-based companyRead MoreThe War Of The Middle East And North Africa2011 Words   |  9 PagesFrom the inception of the Arab Spring in Tunisia to the most recent round of insurrection in Yemen, vulnerable states in the Middle East and North Africa have undergone waves of debilitating conflict. The chain of events that rapidly spread the revolutionary sentiment from capital to capital was not expected, and surprised the world. Ostensibly bloodless coups intermixed with violent rebellion and created a new Middle East and North Africa. The largest, and arguably most important country embroiledRead MoreForeign Intervention On Democracy And Democratization1939 Words   |  8 Pagesthe growth of democracy in the future or whether or not interventions are needed as a mechanism for democratization at all. II. Literature Review and Analysis Democracy has been in a leading position in the world since it began to gain popularity during the beginning of the 20th century (Fukuyama, 2006). Because it expanded through coercive means, it has meant that democracy continues to extend across the world. When communism began to decline, the West was able to extend democracy into several places

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.